January 8, 2024

Pre Pyloric Stomach: Anatomy, Functions, and Disorders

Pre Pyloric Stomach: Anatomy, Functions, and Disorders

Anatomy of the Pre Pyloric Stomach

The pre pyloric stomach is the portion of the stomach that is located just before the pyloric sphincter, which is the muscular valve that controls the flow of partially digested food from the stomach to the small intestine. It is made up of smooth muscle tissue and is responsible for grinding and churning food to further break it down into a semi-liquid form known as chyme.

Functions of the Pre Pyloric Stomach

The main function of the pre pyloric stomach is to continue the digestion of food that has been partially processed in the upper portion of the stomach. It also serves to regulate the passage of food into the small intestine by controlling the release of chyme through the pyloric sphincter. In addition, the pre pyloric stomach secretes gastric juices, including hydrochloric acid and pepsin, which aid in the breakdown of proteins.

Disorders of the Pre Pyloric Stomach

There are several disorders that can affect the pre pyloric stomach, including gastritis, stomach ulcers, and gastric cancer. Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining that can cause pain, nausea, and vomiting. Stomach ulcers are open sores that develop on the lining of the stomach and can cause abdominal pain and bleeding. Gastric cancer is a malignancy that can develop in the tissues of the stomach and is often associated with symptoms such as weight loss, abdominal discomfort, and fatigue.


What are the symptoms of pre pyloric stomach disorders?

Symptoms of pre pyloric stomach disorders can include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, and loss of appetite. In more severe cases, symptoms may also include weight loss, fatigue, and blood in the stool or vomit.

How are pre pyloric stomach disorders diagnosed?

Pre pyloric stomach disorders are typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as endoscopy, barium swallow, and blood tests.

What are the treatment options for pre pyloric stomach disorders?

Treatment for pre pyloric stomach disorders may include medications to reduce inflammation and acidity, antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, and changes in diet and lifestyle to manage symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove ulcers or cancerous growths.

What causes a stomach ulcer? Animation

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